2022-05-19 : ABR Hospital
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Most women experience infertility, this is a condition of not getting pregnant even after having sex that is unprotected for a year or two. There are no symptoms seen, just there might be hormonal problems in either men or women. This can be treated with medication such as estrogen modulator, sex hormone suppression, and anti-diabetics. Some of the medical procedures involved are insemination(artificial), fertility drugs, Ovulation induction, IVF, or assisted reproductive technology and some counseling therapies related to psychological problems are performed by gynecologists. Also with the right care, medication, treatment, and therapies there are chances of getting pregnant, consult our gynecology surgeons to find a solution for your infertility.

Infertility is associated with both men and women. Our gynecologists do offer extensive and collaborative treatment for both men and women. Even after regular intercourse if the women don't conceive it's time to go for a prompt diagnosis for both the couple to identify the underlying cause of not getting pregnant.

Diagnosis of infertility in Men:

  • Blood tests
  • Ultrasound

  • Semen tests and analysis

  •  Chlamydia test

Diagnosis of infertility in Women:

  • Pelvic ultrasound

  • Blood tests

  • Blood tests

  • Ovarian tests

  • Thyroid testing

  • Hysterosalpingography

  • X rays


Complications associated with infertility are stress, depression, coping mentally, Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome, and ectopic pregnancy


  • Not conceiving even after regular sexual intercourse
  • Absence of menstrual cycle
  • Hormonal problems for both men and women
  • For men, it shows up with abnormal hair growth

If you and your partner are expecting a child, and couldn't find whose problem of infertility causes no pregnancy, and if you are below 35 of age, it's time to check with an expert gynecologist to resolve the issues within you both.


Causes of infertility in Men:

  • Genetic factors
  • Low Sperm count
  • Abnormalities in semen
  • Less mobility of sperms
  • Alcohol and smoking habits
  • Hypospadias
  • Mumps
  • Diabetes
  • Anemia
  • Some kinds of medications also can be a major cause of infertility they are
  • Sulfasalazine
  • Chemotherapy
  • Anabolic steroids
  • Chemotherapy
  • HIV
  • Gonorrhea
  • Testis abnormalities
  • Injury to male reproductive organs
  • Testicles problems
  • Marijuana

Cancer or results of previously taken cancer treatment


Causes of infertility in Women:

  • Alcohol
  • Noncancerous tumors
  • Uterine fibroids
  • Polyps
  • Inflammation
  • Endometriosis
  • Primary ovarian insufficiency
  • Genetics
  • Smoking
  • No regular exercise or mobility
  • Stress
  • Fatigue
  • Malnutrition or eating disorders
  • Poor diet
  • Age
  • Hormonal imbalance
  • Hyperprolactinemia
  • Uterus problems
  • Fallopian tube disorders
  • Sexually transmitted infections
  • Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Poor egg or less quality egg
  • Ovulation disorders
  • Cervical surgery
  • Cholesterol
  • Due to some Medications or drugs
  • Radiation therapy
  • Pelvic surgery
  • Cocaine


Treatment will be based on the patient's condition and preferences. Some of the general treatment for fertility includes the following;

Fertility treatment in Women:

Guidance for the right time of intercourse for women(ovulation time)

HCG injections

Medications which include different types of drugs such as Clomid, metformin, repronex, Ovidrel, Pregnyl, Parlodel, Bravelle, and other medicines for fertility

Fertility treatment for men:

  • Varicocele
  • Premature ejaculation for men
  • Epididymal blockage
  • Retrograde ejaculation
  • Ejaculatory duct blockage

Important Preventive measures to take self-care for Infertility for both men and women:

  • Men should avoid long hot tub showers
  • Avoid exposure to overheat
  • Quit alcohol and smoking
  • Don't live in a harmful environment where chemicals are overly in the air
  • Get regular checkups with the doctor
  • Men should eat a healthy diet to increase sperm count and quality
  • Women should have a balanced diet to maintain a healthy weight

Besides infertility, other underlying diseases must be treated to lessen the overall impact on conception for example women with diabetes or hypothyroidism must get the right treatment for the management of the diseases, for men, it's important to get treated for Cushing’s syndrome, diabetes, anemia, or any other underlying diseases that are impacting sperm and fertility possibilities



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