2022-04-04 : ABR Hospital
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Most Common Neurological Problems in Children

The nervous system is sophisticated in the body, it has two major divisions: the central nervous system that connects with the brain, and the spinal cord. The peripheral nervous system connects the brain, spinal cord, all the sensory organs( eyes, mouth, nose, ears, tongue, skin, and other parts of the body. This complex system is what regulates, manages, and coordinates every activity in the body.


Most of the children are vulnerable and prone to neurological disorders such as trauma, structural defects, brain tumors, degenerative disorders, infections, blood flow problems, Immunity disorders. These problems are defined as different kinds of neurological disorders, they are of the following:


Functional problems are related to migraine, headaches, dizziness, epilepsy


Degenerative disorders are Alzheimer's, autism, Parkinson's disease, Huntington's chorea, and sclerosis


Nervous system disorders are subdural, hematoma Vascular disorders, sudden strokes, seizures, and attacks


Infections are related to birth polio, meningitis, or other such conditions


Structural disorders are problems related to growth, brain injury, cervical spondylosis, tunnel syndrome, spinal cord injury, peripheral system disorders


Neurological disorders are serious health problems related to the brain, muscle cells, and nervous system. These are of many forms: headaches, epilepsy, migraine, or any other mobility discomforts.


Usually, children suffering from neurological problems come under pediatric Neurology conditions and the specialist who deals with children's neurological problems is known as a Pediatric neurologist. Hence if you see your baby suffering from any neurological problems you must take them to the best pediatric neurologist near you.


Symptoms or signs that need to be carefully observed in children and must quickly seek an expert are:


  • Abnormalities in muscles ( maybe at birth or early stage of birth)
  • Slow vocal
  • Mobility problems
  • Floppy baby
  • Unresponsiveness

Baby developmental or growth problems

  • Tingling feels
  • Headache
  • Sudden pain in the head
  • Blurred vision
  • Loss of memory
  • Coordination lacking
  • The Rigidity of stiffness in muscles movements
  • Impaired mentally
  • Seizures
  • Sudden brain strokes


Symptoms might look usual, but be a step ahead when and more toned into children's health and take them to their Pediatric neurologist.


Early detection of problems in babies or children, can help cure and prevent the problems before they develop or adverse or worsen their condition.


Some of the neurological problems might be treated with medication but some needs brain or other neurological system organs surgery


Diagnosis of neurological problems in children is a bit complex to find the exact cause however the expert pediatric neurologist can consider the underlying disorder by performing some tests like CT scan, X-rays, ECG, MRI, Electroencephalogram (EEG), Neuro sonography, Arteriogram, Ultrasound, Positron emission tomography (PET) scan, imaging of brain, muscles, and all parts of the neurological system


Common neurological problems seen in Children are that they either have their birth disorders or developmental disorders with age. Some of them are hydrocephalus, spina bifida, injury, trauma, headaches, brain and muscle infections.


Some of the most common disorders related to the neurological system of children are


Cerebral Palsy - Cerebral Palsy is a condition where it pushes back and affects children's motor skills. This is brain damage. It's a serious disorder in a newborn or child at an early stage of growth. It causes and affects walking, eating, talking, bladder problems, and other worsening conditions. Unfortunately, it can be cured but can be improved or managed by extensive treatments, medications, and therapies


Dyspraxia - Dyslexia is a condition where children find difficulty in reading, writing, understanding, talking, reminding, and other such conditions. Even though there is no exact cause of dyslexia, doctors manage them if this condition is diagnosed at an early stage


Epilepsy - Epilepsy disorders are common in children and also all age groups. It's a chronic problem that comes with different kinds of seizures( sudden or temporary discomfort in cells of the brain). Seek a pediatric neurologist, they can understand the child and treat accordingly.


Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) - This condition of the neurological system is seen in adolescents. It's a different kind of psychiatric problem and needs to give therapy and counseling by an expert pediatric neurologist


Autism - Autism is one of the most common and attacks more children everywhere in the world. This is a kind of disease that develops an Impaired mentality, visible problems, behavioral problems, vocal problems, or communication problems. There may be different factors for this disease, yet can be treated uniquely, because the emotional disorders or disorders related to autism is not the same for every child out there suffering from it.


Headaches - Headaches are common but they need to be diagnosed, if it persists, especially in children it might be a primary or secondary headache, treatment and medication in an early stage is very important


The brain is the crucial organ in the body and is associated with every functioning of the body. Neurological problems related to the brain can impact the human body physically and mentally. And we know neurological disorders are not only subjected to the brain but also various body nervous system parts. Children's brains at their initial stage need lots of care because it needs to develop, and if any disorders of such kind arise, it inhibits children's growth leading to adverse effects in the future. The development of disorders is either from the mother's womb or after the baby's birth.



All these are common problems, yet it's all in our hands to take enough care of our children and it's our responsibility, In case you absorb this kind of situation in your children, take them to ABR Hospital, the best multi-specialty hospital in Hyderabad, with the multidisciplinary department of best Pediatric Neurologist. Schedule your appointment as early as possible, early detection and prevention are better than facing complicated treatments.






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